What is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is taking the work of another person and passing it as your own. This means copying from print or electronic sources. Plagiarized papers are typically…
- Downloaded/purchased from an Internet site
- Copy & pasted from an online database
- Copied verbatim from a book or article
- Not cited accurately
Legitimate research and writing involves a fine balance between what you say and what others have said. Once you have found the sources that you intend to use, you then need to interpret, paraphrase/quote, and identify them for your reader. Technques for avoiding plagiarism include:
- Cite the reference as soon as you paraphrase or quote it
- Giving credit where credit is due also applies to data, charts, and images
- Don’t quote excessively, to the point that you are blocking out your own voice
- When downloading information, document the date of access since the site may not be there permanently
- Paraphrasing is a difficult task to master, rearranging sentences and using synonyms is often interpreted as plagiarism
- Recycling your own paper to be used in more than one class is considered a form of plagiarism. Additional information is available in Academic Misconduct, Part VI: Academic Integrity in Undergraduate Education and Research of the University’s Student Code
- Keep track of citations with RefWorks, an online tool to help you organize and to instantly generate bibliographies
Basic Components of a Citation….
Books: title, author(s),
edition, place and date of the book’s publication; and publisher
Articles: magazine/journal and article titles; author(s);
issue; and pages
Online Sources: URL, institution or organization associated
with the Web site, date you accessed the source
You may be asked to use different styles for documenting ideas or facts —
the primary sources are:
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
Used for English, although it may be required in some classes in the humanities
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association(APA)
Used for psychology and other subjects in the social sciences
A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian)
Used primarily for history
What don’t I have to cite?
“Common Knowledge” does not need to be cited if it known by most general readers. When you begin your studies, it may be difficult to determine what qualifies as “common knowledge,” so it is best to check a few reference sources to confirm if the information needs to be cited. An example of common knowledge would be that ‘Huckleberry Finn’ is an American classic.